Several hotels around the world have implemented creative cost saving initiatives to reduce their impact on the environment. There are some best practices examples from different hotel:
- Energy-By installing energy-efficient technologies such as appliances, lighting and heating/cooling systems, hotels can produce cost savings on their monthly utilities bills.The Otani hotel in Japan they installed a new air conditioning and kitchen system, through which it achieved a 14% savings in energy and a 30% carbon emissions reduction.
- Water-It is estimated that up to 50% of the water that families used could be saved by implementing simple conservation methods. The savings in energy and sewage treatment costs would all add up. Several hotels have implemented water saving initiatives. The first eco-friendly resort, the Maho Bay Camp in St. John was opened in 1976 and utilizes low flush composting toilets, spring action faucets and showers, rain water catchments and solar heated water to conserve natural resources and minimize the footprint.
- Waste-The hotel industry can reduce the amount of waste produced by implementing and following a waste management system that is modeled around the concepts of reduce, reuse and recycle. Approximately 54 percent of a hotel’s solid waste can either be recycled or reused. identified that “a large proportion (50-60 percent) of the waste materials in an accommodation facility can be recycled or reused.”
- Green building practices-Green building practices are increasingly being used in new and retrofitted developments, mainly for energy and water efficiency and to reduce hazardous waste. For example, the Orchid Hotel located in Mumbai, India, is a prime example of a “green” hotel that attracts up-scale clientele and provides state-of-the-art technology and luxury in an “environmental friendly context” Even using only environmentally sensitive paints and building materials will significantly reduce the impact on the environment. Initiatives such as green roofs and using natural materials also significantly reduce building and energy costs.
- social responsibility-The Accor group of hotels has an Earth Guest Policy which focuses on the local development, child protection, fight against epidemics, and food elements of social responsibility.The Sofitel Hotel, one of the brands of the Accor group, located in Cambodia gives aid in local farming by providing agricultural training. The hotel brand has also raised awareness of the implications of the child sex trade by having campaigns aimed at both their guests and employees (Accor, 2010).
- conservation-As many tourists travel to experience the natural habitats within which the hotel operates, it is imperative that hotels focus on conserving the resources that sustain them. For example Hilton Hotels Corporation has engaged to protect 1.4 million acres of endangered rainforest.
Accor Hotels. (n.d) Sustainable development. Retrieved from http://www.accorhotels-group.com/en/sustainable-development/the-7-pillars-of-planet-21/local.html
Maho bay camps: a true eco-resort in st.john. Retrieved from http://gadling.com/2009/06/22/maho-bay-camps-a-true-eco-resort-in-st-john-usvi/
Marriott International’s Corporate Social Responsibility: Nobility of Nature and Juma Projects. Retrieved from http://hotelexecutive.com/business_review/3096/marriott-internationals-corporate-social-responsibility-nobility-of-nature-and-juma-projects
Hotel new Otani. (2015). Hybird hotel project. Retrieved from http://newotani.co.jp/en/group/environment_philosophy/index.html