Special Topic-Sustainable practice in hotel industry — June 4, 2015

Special Topic-Sustainable practice in hotel industry

Several hotels around the world have implemented creative cost saving initiatives to reduce their impact on the environment. There are some best practices examples from different hotel:

  1. Energy-By installing energy-efficient technologies such as appliances, lighting and heating/cooling systems, hotels can produce cost savings on their monthly utilities bills.The Otani hotel in Japan they installed a new air conditioning and kitchen system, through which it achieved a 14% savings in energy and a 30% carbon emissions reduction.
  2. Water-It is estimated that up to 50% of the water that families used could be saved by implementing simple conservation methods. The savings in energy and sewage treatment costs would all add up. Several hotels have implemented water saving initiatives. The first eco-friendly resort, the Maho Bay Camp in St. John was opened in 1976 and utilizes low flush composting toilets, spring action faucets and showers, rain water catchments and solar heated water to conserve natural resources and minimize the footprint.
  3. Waste-The hotel industry can reduce the amount of waste produced by implementing and following a waste management system that is modeled around the concepts of reduce, reuse and recycle. Approximately 54 percent of a hotel’s solid waste can either be recycled or reused. identified that “a large proportion (50-60 percent) of the waste materials in an accommodation facility can be recycled or reused.”
  4. Green building practices-Green building practices are increasingly being used in new and retrofitted developments, mainly for energy and water efficiency and to reduce hazardous waste. For example, the Orchid Hotel located in Mumbai, India, is a prime example of a “green” hotel that attracts up-scale clientele and provides state-of-the-art technology and luxury in an “environmental friendly context” Even using only environmentally sensitive paints and building materials will significantly reduce the impact on the environment. Initiatives such as green roofs and using natural materials also significantly reduce building and energy costs.
  5. social responsibility-The Accor group of hotels has an Earth Guest Policy which focuses on the local development, child protection, fight against epidemics, and food elements of social responsibility.The Sofitel Hotel, one of the brands of the Accor group, located in Cambodia gives aid in local farming by providing agricultural training. The hotel brand has also raised awareness of the implications of the child sex trade by having campaigns aimed at both their guests and employees (Accor, 2010).
  6. conservation-As many tourists travel to experience the natural habitats within which the hotel operates, it is imperative that hotels focus on conserving the resources that sustain them. For example Hilton Hotels Corporation has engaged to protect 1.4 million acres of endangered rainforest.


Accor Hotels. (n.d) Sustainable development. Retrieved from http://www.accorhotels-group.com/en/sustainable-development/the-7-pillars-of-planet-21/local.html

Maho bay camps: a true eco-resort in st.john. Retrieved from http://gadling.com/2009/06/22/maho-bay-camps-a-true-eco-resort-in-st-john-usvi/

Marriott International’s Corporate Social Responsibility: Nobility of Nature and Juma Projects. Retrieved from http://hotelexecutive.com/business_review/3096/marriott-internationals-corporate-social-responsibility-nobility-of-nature-and-juma-projects

Hotel new Otani. (2015). Hybird hotel project. Retrieved from http://newotani.co.jp/en/group/environment_philosophy/index.html

The Planet 21 program — May 20, 2015

The Planet 21 program

Accor group entered into a section of sustainable development  and approaching to responsible development, which generate value shared by everyone (Accor. n.d). The planet 21 program defined as Accor’s sustainable development commitment, transforming it into a decisive competitive advantage (Accor, n.d) This program has 21 commitments which committed with other quantifiable hotels also with Planet 21 Accor is making sustainable hospitality environment which they will focus on strategic vision, as well as the developments and innovations.

There are 7 sectors of Planet 21 which consist of Health, Nature, Carbon, Innovation, Local, Employment and Dialogue.

  1. Health: Accor group concern about the food hygiene and environmental threat so they provide guest and employees a better and healthy environment. In 2014 97% of hotels offering balanced dishes to their customers.
  2. Nature: Accor reduce water waste and recycling , in addition Accor has planted 3 million trees as a part of the global project supported by United Nations.
  3. Carbon: CO2 cause the mainly greenhouse issue then Accor now commit to reducing energy consumption which also called carbon footprint. 195 hotels around the world were equipped with solar panels to produce domestic hot water ;9% of hotels used biomass, geothermal and other renewable energies.
  4. Innovation: encourage and promote sustainable building, eco-design is an environmental improvement whose respect to the each step of product’s life cycle which now many hotels are using responsible products for instance, ibis,Suite Novoltel and Novotel.
  5. Local: Hotels supports and promote to purchase local products from their host country, also Accor has been committed with protecting children they aware of the child sex tourism they helping to place children with competent agencies. They created to be child protection tool used by the industry to combat the commercial sexual exploitation (CSEC) of children in the context of travel and tourism activities.The code into overarching policy, membership of The Code a requirement of achieving fair trade tourism status in South Africa and Europe.
  6. Employment: Accor committed to helping them to expand their skills and responsibilities with the goal of offering them motivating, rewarding careers and enhancing their employability. In past year 69% of hotel manager are promoted from internal mobility.
  7. Dialogue: Accor is engaging partners in its sustainable development strategy and integrating them into the responsibility chain. Accor is included in 4 internationally-recognized socially responsible investment indices or standards.


Accor, (n.d). Sustainable development. Retrieved from http://www.accor.com/en/sustainable-development.html

Accor, (n.d). The planet 21 program. Retrieved from http://www.accor.com/en/sustainable-development.html

Orokonui Ecosanctuary — May 16, 2015

Orokonui Ecosanctuary

Orokonui Ecosanctuary is a protected forest in the South Island, just 20 minutes north of Dunedin. In here you are able to see the wildlife birds such as kaka, takahe, tui, bellbirds, silvereye, brown creeper, fernbird, tomtit, fantail, kereru, grey warbler, rifleman, Otago skink, jewelled gecko and tuatara!  If you’re lucky you may also see kiwi.

About the Ecosanctuary it really engaged to sustainable practices and the important thing is conservations.
Their Building were built with recycled materials, and the conserving water system; also using solar panel on top of the roof and reduce waste.
Also Orokonui Ecosanctuary has 180 volunteers in total they all have enthusiasm with conservation of the wildlife, but what are they doing there? they do planting and weeding; Pest and fence monitoring;Track building and maintenance.
During the guide tour at first stop we saw takahe, there were two of them one female and one male the lady said they will have more to come to join Orokonui Ecosanctuary, this was my first seeing takahe and they just walked pass by us without any fear.

And we walked around the track the lady introduced other plant and birds there was the interesting station called ”Feeding station” they designed for Bellbirds and Tuis and offer them sugar water the box at middle is for kaka but why box? because only kakas are heavy enough to open the box ensure other birds will not steal their food. on the way of our guide tour we had a wee tasting and smell of Horopito leaves.

I really enjoyed this field trip and I think its really meaningful for us, Orokonui Ecosanctuary really is a proper place to learn about sustainable practice and the importance of conservation. But this time we are not lucky enough to see kiwi which is a shame.

Alpine Pearls — May 5, 2015

Alpine Pearls

Alpine Pearls was established by 17 member villages, the “Pearls of the Alps”. The Association was the result of two successive EU projects (Alps Mobility and Alps Mobility II). Alpine Peals aims to offer car-free mobility so every village has a wide range of mobility offers.  This could be shuttle services, hikers’ taxi and free ski buses, or electric vehicles, such as e-Bikes, and rental cars, special tour packages for your Pearl’s surroundings, etc. You can find these Pearls in Germany, France, Austria, Italy, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

Alpine Pearls stand for soft-mobility travel and promote nature-based tourism.

E-Bikes and Electric vehicles: This is the new innovative and environmentally friendly e-vehicles, it can even goes steep mountain trails without exerting.

Smile-E-Cars in Werfenweng. Retrieved from E-Bikes and Electric Vehicles


1.Family Fun 2015-offers 4 nights accommodations and also you can drive for free with guestcard by bus or train Bad Reichenhall and Bayerisch Gmain for instance to RupertusTherme, to Predigtstuhlbahn, to Alten Saline, to Thumlake or to all in all 8 Hiking centres, which means you taking public transports to the destination you wanted to go.

2. Cross-country skiing-Pearl: Berchtesgaden. This winter package is located in Berchtesgaden you have a great variety of tracks which are guiding through the beautiful and unspoilt nature. It offers 4 nights accommodations the soft mobility offers is guest card=bus ticket.
The service include:

  • 1x free entry into the Watzmann thermal bath (four hours without sauna)
  • 1x typical bavarian snack at the Bauernstüberl Berchtegaden

3.Alps brine theme’s day Pearl: Bad Reichenhall-this holiday package provide 3 nights accommodations including breakfast and you will be transferred by train to the destination. Tourist pass is equal to your bus ticket. In the pearl Bad Reichenhall you can use the tourist pass as a ticket to use the train and the bus between Bayerisch Gmain and Bad Reichenhall for free.
In this package it offers:

  • 1x 24 hours stay in the thermal bath landscape inclusive Sauna in Spa- & Familyresort RupertusTherme Bad Reichenhall
  • 1x Full body massage on hot stones (30 minutes)
  • 1x towel and bathrobe service
  • 1x non-alocholic drinks in the wellness cente

Just relax in Bad Reichenhall
Just relax in Bad Reichenhall. Retrieved from Alps brine theme’s day


Alpine Pearls, (2014). Retrieved from: http://www.alpine-pearls.com/en/home.html

Accessibility and mobility in Melbourne — April 28, 2015

Accessibility and mobility in Melbourne

In today’s class we talked about accessibility and mobility, accessibility is about how tourists get to the destination and for those disabled people how can they get to the destination without any barriers.

Melbourne as an example, showing how their transportation system works.

  1. what public transportation they have?
    In Melbourne they provide Trams, Trains and buses around the city.
    NightRider bus service-operates on Friday and Saturday, they have over 300 stops.Visitor shuttle-operates daily from 9:30am-4:30pm, departing every 40 mins it has 13 stops around city the full trip takes 90 mins.City circle tram-Free service around central Melbourne past some attractions.

    Bike share-10 docking locations with 100 bikes in service.

  2. Features make it sustainable
    Melbourne has Green transport which extensive network of dedicated bike line, also 70% budget goes to transportation especially in public sector.
  3. How accessible are they for disabled people?
    Provides wheelchair accessible taxis and vehicle hire
    Tram travel- low floor trams, makes it easy for disabled people and wheelchair even baby cars
    Train travel-elevators leading to platforms at each station.

I would probably say Melbourne is an accessible city for tourists as well as for disabled tourists, its easy for you to get to the destination you wanted to go by public transport which is cheap, convenience.and more sustainable, when you are traveling you are saving the planet at same time. The further information I have found was myki, it is Melbourne’s ticket to travel on the city’s trains, trams and buses.

The myki Visitor Value Pack includes:

  • a full fare, concession, child or seniors myki card, pre-loaded with enough value (myki money) for one day’s travel in Zones 1 and 2
  • discount offers at 15 Melbourne and regional attractions including Melbourne Aquarium, the National Sports Museum, Eureka Skydeck and Puffing Billy, saving visitors more than $100
  • a protective souvenir myki wallet.


City of Melbourne. (2015). City of Melbourne – Public transport. Retrieved from: https://www.melbourne.vic.gov.au/ParkingTransportandRoads/PublicTransport/Pages/PublicTransport.aspx

PTV. (2015). Public Transport Victoria. Retrieved from: http://ptv.vic.gov.au/getting-around/accessible-transport/

Certification vs. Accreditation/Wildlife tourism — April 18, 2015

Certification vs. Accreditation/Wildlife tourism

Certification vs. Accreditation

Accreditation is the stamp of approbation from an outsider (Pro Board) survey of an organization’s certification framework. The survey incorporates all parts of certification checking together with; culmination, justice, protection, legitimacy and relationship to the national principles. Organizations, for example, state/common certification offices, educational foundations, administrative elements, and national associations are licensed/ accredited.

Certification is the check that an applicant has effectively finished an assessment of his/her insight, abilities and capacities against the countrywide standard. People or firms that effectively pass a certification exam are certified.

Applicants that are certified through an accredited office have the quality included of the affirmation that the test they took precisely considered them adjacent to the standard.

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Ecotourism — March 26, 2015


What is Ecotourism? The International Ecotourism Society defined Ecotourism as ”Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people” also education means to involve in both staff and guests.

Ecotourism is about conservation, communities and sustainable travel which all participate in the ecotourism activities, there are few principle of Ecotourism (TIES, 2014):

  • Minimize physical, social, behavioral and psychological impacts.
  • Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect.
  • Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts.
  • Provide direct financial benefits for conservation.
  • Financial benefits for both local people and private industry.
  • Educate visitors that help raise sensitivity to host countries’ political, environmental, and social climates.
  • Design, construct and operate low-impact facilities.
  • Recognize the rights and spiritual beliefs of the Indigenous People in your community and work in partnership with them to create empowerment.
According to the World Trade Organization, ecotourism captured 7% of the international market in 2007 with a global market economic impact of $77 billion. Ecotourism accounts for 6% of the worldwide GDP with a staggering growth rate of 5% per year. The industry is being driven by a rising consumer demand, which is creating a healthy market that many resorts are catering to.

There are different categories of Eco-tourists
1.Soft eco-tourists is associated with those tourists who prefer adventures which do not involve the element of danger and are perceived to be safe in observing wildlife and participating in local culture. for example bird watching

I choose Taiwan as my example Taiwan is a great place for bird watching, as well as being rich in endemics it is a key stopover on the East Asian north-south flyway.

Yellow Tit Parus holsti (Taiwan Tit, Taiwan Yellow Tit, Formosan Forty Tit)

2.Hard ecotourism as an ideal type, emphasises an intense, personal and prolonged encounter with nature. Associated trips are usually specialised (i.e. undertaken solely for ecotourism purposes) and take place within a wilderness setting or some other mainly undisturbed natural venue where access to services and facilities is virtually non-existent. Participants are environmentalists who are highly committed to the principles of sustainability.

image source: Wikimedia Commons

3. Adventure ecotourists

This type engages in moderate to high-risk activities such as surfing, scuba diving, snorkeling, wind surfing, whitewater rafting, and sport fishing. These types are the adrenaline all or nothing types looking for a challenge.

Zipline Costa Rica

Image Source: Thedailygreen.com


Characteristics of hard and soft ecotourism as idea types, (n.d). Retrieved from http://www.uvm.edu/rsenr/rm50/Weaver%20Figure%2011.1.pdf

Sander,B ,(2010). The Importance of Education in Ecotourism Ventures. Retrieved from https://www.american.edu/sis/gep/upload/Education-Ecotourism_SRP_Ben_Sander-2.pdf

Sustainable tourism info-sheet,(n.d). Defining Eco-tourism. Retrieved from http://www.gdrc.org/uem/eco-tour/etour-define.html

The international ecotourism society, (2014). What’s ecotourism? Retrieved from https://www.ecotourism.org/what-is-ecotourism

Case study:Responsible Tourism — March 18, 2015

Case study:Responsible Tourism

From the case study I leaned about what is Responsible Tourism. ”Responsible tourism is a type of tourism practiced by travelers and industry who make responsible choices when providing and choosing holidays destinations” (Beckwith&Bond, n.d). But how do we practice the responsible tourism? We could easily sharing our experiences with other people such as follow designated trails instead of trudging through the delicate environment of some areas; also when you planning a holiday you should look into alternative modes of transportation to minimize the carbon footprint or reduce the waste. Here is a guideline for practicing responsible tourism:

  • Protecting the Environment
  • Benefiting local cultures and communities and communities
  • Conserving natural resources
  • Minimizing pollution

There is another activity about Geocaching and Parks Canada, Geocaching is like a hunter game which you could play worldwide the rule is after you have chosen a cache you put it into a plastic weatherproof container and hide it in the area where you have permission to hide it, after you have hidden it you must find out its coordinates so other geocachers can find your cache, however Parks Canada as an organisation that conserve Canada’s culture and nature heritage they had to stop this activity cause they understanding and awareness of conserving natural and culture heritages, cache might damage the wildlife and plants that park is trying to preserve.

I think this is a good idea to restrict people from damage natural and culture heritage and perhaps set a specific area for them instead of traveling around by cars adding to the high gas emission.

Climate Change — March 9, 2015

Climate Change

As we known the Greenhouse effect and Global warming is affecting to the world and getting more seriously, the temperature is climbing up, the climate change and the challenges are followed after all. Weather get warmer and warmer in some countries the average summer temperature could be up to 30 degree or even higher , floods and droughts may become more of a problem plus sea level slowly creep upwards.

By reading the article of The island utopia Hollywood ruined we find out the effect on the island, At the second part of the article it stated how tsunami ruined the island and tourism industry even killed several thousand people. It’s often difficult to visualize what climate change-related disasters might look like but tsunami might be one of the significant effect by climate changing.

Also human’s over-development cause the global warming, according to the article Koh Phi Phi was touted as one of the most beautiful place, but in a few short years, Phi Phi Don was buried beneath a mass of guesthouse, dive shop and internet cafe, however critical water shortages and pollution followed.

The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for April 2014: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2636595/Get-ready-sweltering-summer-Forecasters-reveal-April-joint-hottest-record-El-Nino-set-arrive-claim-FEWER-hurricanes.html

Koh Phi Phi Ley source: http://www.cntraveller.com/recommended/beaches/thailand-islands-guide



The island utopia Hollywood ruined: http://www.stuff.co.nz/travel/themes/beaches/10047016/The-island-utopia-Hollywood-ruined

Tsunami’s impact on Thailand: http://academic.evergreen.edu/g/grossmaz/LOTTHN/

The Indian Ocean Tsunami and It’s Environmental Impacts: http://www.gdrc.org/uem/disasters/disenvi/tsunami.html

How tourism must prove it can benefit the poor in tsunami affected regions: http://www.responsibletravel.com/copy/how-tourism-can-benefit-tsunami-affected-areas

Greenhouse effect and global warming: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/thermo/grnhse.html

Climate change will shake the earth: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2012/feb/26/why-climate-change-shake-earth

Climate change cause volcanoes and tsunamis: http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/climate-change-volcanic-eruption-earthquake-305808

Living Campus — March 5, 2015

Living Campus

How sustainability apply in real world? I remember the Guest Speaker Jen Rodgers (Sustainable Practice Advisor) from last year she talked about how sustainable practice works in Otago Polytechnic, she have been working at Otago Polytechnic to sort out how sustainable practice running in different department and progress also Jen mentioned that she is trying to help different departments to achieve sustainable practice and that’s all related to their study and future industry.

During the past three years, Otago Polytechnic has steadily increased the amount of cardboard, glass and plastic we recycle. The Polytechnic has also managed to reduce its amount of general waste by over two-hundred cubic metres.

Otago Polytechnic is committed to creating a sustainable campus. We provide a model for others to follow and implement the principles and strategies that we teach others. Inside Otago Polytechnic The Living Campus project is the first of its kind in Australasia and involves turning Otago Polytechnic’s existing Dunedin campus into an open-air and interactive museum, a vibrant community garden and a sustainable model of urban agriculture. Through Living Campus, we hope to raise awareness and change attitudes towards how we use land. Perhaps we could have a second hand market in campus every month for students to exchange their cloths or other stuffs, try to reduce our footprint.


For further information please go: http://www.op.ac.nz/about-us/sustainability/